‘Scaffolding’ is help that we give learners by breaking down the task into manageable chunks.
The term itself is a metaphor for support - just as scaffolding is put around a building that’s being constructed, we provide support to learners while they work on learning.
By providing support, then gradually handing over more and more of the task to the learner, they will move from dependency to independence.
Some teachers swear that competition is evil, and only use cooperation in class. Others regularly use competition, get great results and wonder what on earth all the fuss is about. So which is better?
Vocabulary acquisition is the longest challenge for language learners. This makes total sense when you think about it like this: how many grammar structures do you have to learn and practice? Now, how many words and language chunks?
We know how to teach a great class, we all know our TEFL theory, so why don’t we make every class a great class?
Why, if I walk in a school on a busy weekend, do I see a lot of really mediocre TEFL practice?
It’s a powerful precision tool, that’s why.
Teacher talking time (TTT) has a bad reputation. It’s easy to see why – too many teachers talking too much, stealing their students’ talking time, and being boring. This hurts students’ motivation and willingness to communicate in class.